Real World Networks – Pagerank Tracking http://pagerank-tracking.com/ Mon, 16 May 2022 02:27:16 +0000 en-US hourly 1 https://wordpress.org/?v=5.9.3 https://pagerank-tracking.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/06/icon-1.png Real World Networks – Pagerank Tracking http://pagerank-tracking.com/ 32 32 Cryptocurrency prices: why did Luna crash so much? https://pagerank-tracking.com/cryptocurrency-prices-why-did-luna-crash-so-much/ Sun, 15 May 2022 23:34:18 +0000 https://pagerank-tracking.com/cryptocurrency-prices-why-did-luna-crash-so-much/ After enjoying a hugely profitable 2020 and 2021, cryptocurrency investors felt a harsh backlash this year as a number of widely held coins fell in value. Last week we witnessed perhaps the steepest drop of all when the value of Luna Cryptocurrency went from a combined $20 billion to nearly zero in just a few […]]]>

After enjoying a hugely profitable 2020 and 2021, cryptocurrency investors felt a harsh backlash this year as a number of widely held coins fell in value.

Last week we witnessed perhaps the steepest drop of all when the value of Luna Cryptocurrency went from a combined $20 billion to nearly zero in just a few days. At one point, the coin was listed at $0.00 on Binance, the world’s most widely used cryptocurrency exchange.

His losses have scared off other investorsspreading over the larger pieces. Bitcoin lost 17% of its value in five daysand the price of Ethereum fell by 23%.

How does Luna work?

Ironically, given the extreme volatility of the past week, Luna, or Terra Luna to give her full name, is meant to be a ‘stablecoin‘. Unlike most cryptocurrencies, the value of stablecoins is tied to another asset to avoid sudden price fluctuations.

They can be linked to traditional financial networks through bonds or real currencies like the dollar to anchor them at a certain price. In the case of Luna, its value is tied to Terra USD which uses complex mechanisms to keep its value tied to the US dollar.

Luna’s price can fluctuate, but if its value against the dollar changes too much, investors will simply convert it to the more valuable currency, which will serve to level the values.

Why has Luna’s price dropped so much?

The catastrophic drop in Luna values ​​came when TerraUSD, the currency essentially guaranteeing a stable price, was rapidly devalued.

TerraUSD was closely tied to Anchor Protocol, essentially a savings account for the currency who was paying an interest rate of 20%. This made holding TerraUSD a very popular investment and one that seemed to guarantee very solid returns.

Yet in March Announced anchor that it replaced the 20% rate with a variable rate, which was supposed to be much less generous. This led to a mass exodus from Anchor, prompting more holders to sell both their TerraUSD and the closely related coin Luna.

With a large number of people trying to empty their Terra USD and Luna simultaneously the mechanism to guarantee stable rates has simply ceased to function.

On Friday, May 13, the price of Luna had fallen below 1 cent while TerraUSD, believed to be worth a dollar, crashed to $0.14.

Write about Twitter Do Kwon, creator of TerraUSD and Terra Luna, assured investors: “I understand that the last 72 hours have been extremely difficult for all of you – know that I am committed to working with each of you to get through this crisis, and we will build our way out of it.

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One-year results of intravitreal injections of brolucizumab in patients with polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy https://pagerank-tracking.com/one-year-results-of-intravitreal-injections-of-brolucizumab-in-patients-with-polypoidal-choroidal-vasculopathy/ Sat, 14 May 2022 09:59:46 +0000 https://pagerank-tracking.com/one-year-results-of-intravitreal-injections-of-brolucizumab-in-patients-with-polypoidal-choroidal-vasculopathy/ We studied the 1-year outcomes of IVBr injections in treatment-naïve Japanese PCV patients and found that BCVA improved significantly during the follow-up period. CMT and CCT also decreased significantly after 1 year. Polypoid lesions completely regressed after 1 year in 93.3% of eyes. To our knowledge, no previous study has assessed the regression rate of […]]]>

We studied the 1-year outcomes of IVBr injections in treatment-naïve Japanese PCV patients and found that BCVA improved significantly during the follow-up period. CMT and CCT also decreased significantly after 1 year. Polypoid lesions completely regressed after 1 year in 93.3% of eyes. To our knowledge, no previous study has assessed the regression rate of polypoid lesions regarding outcomes at 1 year after IVBr injections for patients with PCV.

In a sub-analysis of the HAWK study, Ogura et al.17 reported the efficacy of brolucizumab in Japanese patients with PCV. They reported that brolucizumab (n=39) was as effective as aflibercept (n=30) in improving vision. Yamamoto et al.12 conducted a multicenter study and reported outcomes at 1 year in 90 PCV-naïve eyes treated with fortnightly intravitreal aflibercept and reported a mean improvement in BCVA of 0.31 to 0.17 logMAR. The average number of injections during the first year was 7.1. Morimoto et al.18 reported outcomes at 2 years in 58 PCV treatment naïve eyes with a good baseline BCVA treated with intravitreal aflibercept using a treatment and extension regimen (TAE) and found a mean improvement in BCVA of 0.27 to 0.12 logMAR in the first year. The average number of injections during the first year was 7.72. In the current study, mean BCVA improved from 0.28 to 0.13 logMAR. The number of injections was 6.4. Although a direct comparison between our study and previous results is difficult, our visual results with brolucizumab appear favorable, with fewer injections compared to aflibercept in Japanese patients with PCV.

In the current study, CCT decreased significantly from 226 to 181 µm (19.9% ​​decrease from baseline) at 1 year. We have previously reported outcomes at 1 year in treatment-naïve PCVs treated with fortnightly intravitreal aflibercept who had a mean decrease in CCT from 265 to 231 µm (12.8% decrease from baseline)11. Koizumi et al.19 also reported changes in subfoveal choroidal thickness after intravitreal injections of aflibercept in 86 patients with PCV at 1 year and reported a mean decrease in CCT from 270 to 234 µm (13.3% decrease per compared to inclusion). Therefore, the reduction in choroidal thickness in PCV patients treated with IVBr injections tended to be greater than that achieved with aflibercept. Kim et al.20 reported a decrease in choroidal thickness after anti-VEGF therapy for PCV. Choi et al.21 studied 88 patients with PCV who received anti-VEGF injections and reported that faster growth of chorioretinal atrophy (CRA) was significantly related to decreased choroidal thickness. A greater decrease in choroidal thickness could be a risk factor for the long-term development of ARC in patients with PCV. Thinning of the choroid could affect ARC in the longer term and ARC may be linked to BCVA. Therefore, it is necessary to determine whether IVBr injections affect VA over a longer follow-up period.

In the current study, 60.0% of patients with PCV completed injections at 12-week intervals for 1 year. A dry macula was obtained in 73.3% after 1 year. Ogura et al.17 reported the efficacy of brolucizumab in Japanese patients with PCV in a sub-analysis of the HAWK study. The authors reported that the probability of injections at 12-week intervals after a 48-week loading phase was 76%, which was similar to our result. Injections at 12-week intervals were the longest intervals in the TAE regimen, which is widely used around the world. The persistence of brolucizumab could be due to its strong affinity for VEGF. Its low molecular weight allows for greater drug delivery by injection compared to other available anti-VEGFs and offers the potential for more efficient tissue penetration and increased duration of action14. Therefore, brolucizumab could reduce the treatment burden for patients with PCV.

In the current study, complete regression of polypoid lesions at 12 months was achieved in 93.3% of cases. Matsumoto et al.22 and Fukuda et al.23 reported the short-term results of IVBr for PCV. In these two reports, the regression rates of polypoid lesions after quarterly injections of IVBr were 78.9% (15 eyes out of 19 eyes) and 78.6% (11 eyes out of 14 eyes). There were no previous studies that reported the regression rate of polypoid lesions regarding outcomes at 1 year. In our previous study, when aflibercept intraocular monotherapy was used to treat PCV, complete regression of polypoid lesions was achieved in 48.0% with a twice-monthly fixed regimen and in 52.9% with an as-needed regimen. .11. In the EVEREST II study8, which compared the efficacy between ranibizumab monotherapy and combined photodynamic therapy (PDT), the 12-month rates were 69.3% in patients treated with intravitreal PDT/ranibizumab and 34.7% in patients treated with intravitreal ranibizumab as monotherapy. In another of our previous studies, regression rates of polypoid lesions in patients treated with combination therapy with intravitreal ranibizumab or intravitreal aflibercept were higher (78.2% and 78.9%) than either or the other monotherapies with these drugs.24. In the current study, the regression rate of polypoid lesions with IVBr injections was much higher than with ranibizumab or aflibercept monotherapy or in combination with PDT, which may explain why 73.3% of patients had a dry macula at 1 year.

However, brolucizumab-related IOI is a major adverse event associated with intravitreal brolucizumab. In the current study, two (11.8%) of 17 eyes had IOI. The frequency of IOIs was about the same compared to a sub-analysis of the HAWK study that Ogura et al. reported (15.4%)15,16,17. Although IVBr injections for PCV are effective, we must be cautious of IOI and treat promptly if brolucizumab-related IOI develops.

This study had some limitations, one of the main ones being the retrospective design. The second limitation was the small sample size. A large randomized study should confirm the current results. Also, the long-term results are not known. The results of this study should be evaluated with a longer follow-up period.

In conclusion, IVBr injections effectively improved vision and exudative changes in PCV patients over a one-year follow-up, as well as a higher resolution rate of polypoid lesions as seen in the ICGA. The results of this analysis suggest that brolucizumab may be useful for treating PCV with a lower treatment burden.

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How you can end up paying more than other customers buying online https://pagerank-tracking.com/how-you-can-end-up-paying-more-than-other-customers-buying-online/ Sun, 08 May 2022 17:00:00 +0000 https://pagerank-tracking.com/how-you-can-end-up-paying-more-than-other-customers-buying-online/ Lana Hart is a Writer, animator and tutor based in Christchurch. OPINION: Two people walk into a store and try on a pair of shoes. One customer buys the shoes for $100, while the other, still undecided, goes to the nearby store to try on a similar pair of shoes. Back at the first store, […]]]>

Lana Hart is a Writer, animator and tutor based in Christchurch.

OPINION: Two people walk into a store and try on a pair of shoes.

One customer buys the shoes for $100, while the other, still undecided, goes to the nearby store to try on a similar pair of shoes.

Back at the first store, the undecided shopper learns that the original shoes are now $200.

Such a situation may arise when we book flights, buy products online or schedule Uber rides.

READ MORE:
* How to avoid overpaying when grocery shopping online
* The Price Isn’t Always Right: Supermarket Mistakes Leave Shoppers Furious
* Why do airline prices constantly change?

Automated pricing algorithms can vary product prices based on factors that demonstrate a customer’s willingness to pay more for a product, such as the number of times they have visited a site, the type of device they use and other demographic and behavioral data. deemed relevant.

“Dynamic pricing” is used by large online retailers and booking sites that collect real-time data on purchase histories and previous searches to adjust prices.

It's so quick and easy, but there might be a lot more going on behind the scenes of your online shopping activity than you think.

Rupixen/Unsplash

It’s so quick and easy, but there might be a lot more going on behind the scenes of your online shopping activity than you think.

This can result in two customers paying different prices for the exact same product, whether it’s a seat on a flight, a product on an online shopping site, or a hotel room. .

Websites use cookies to collect data including who visits the site based on your computer’s unique IP address.

This data is stored on the web browser and fed into pricing algorithms and third-party networks such as Facebook/Meta and Google.

This is why on some booking sites, by searching for products in incognito or private mode – which only contains data from that session – or by deleting your web browser history, cookies and site data, the same product may be available at a cheaper price. .

In short, big online businesses and marketplace type websites change the prices of the same product or service based on their measurement of how much you are willing to pay for it.

They even gave the concept an acronym: WTP – Willingness to Pay.

Right now, there may not be anything technically illegal about these mean-spirited strategies, but they do leave a certain stench in your nose that’s hard to get rid of: the number of times you visit a site or the type of computer you are searching from change the price of a product?

In the murky and rapidly changing world of online pricing technology, it’s hard to find the transparency consumers want buried in privacy statements about a company’s use of personal data.

Does our national carrier treat all paying customers the same?  The evidence suggests not.

unsplash

Does our national carrier treat all paying customers the same? The evidence suggests not.

In Air New Zealandfor example, they use cookies for all visitors to their website to “recognize you online and gather information about your online activity and browsing habits (including the pages you visited and the links you you followed.)”

They may also “combine this information with other personal information we have collected about you…in order to…help us make our websites more relevant to you”, for example by tailoring offers and content.

In this example, does personalizing offers based on the links I’ve followed mean that I see a different price than my neighbor?

The company’s CFO may have answered that question in 2019 when he told investors that “we will have a different price for each different customer” by the end of this year.

Boxing Day sales show how much shoppers love a bargain, but the real experience seems to stray further from online tactics.

Ricky Wilson / Stuff

Boxing Day sales show how much shoppers love a bargain, but the real experience seems to stray further from online tactics.

This follows the practices of most global airlines in which forms of dynamic pricing have become the international standard.

To be clear, this is more than just supply and demand economics; we accept prices to change depending on market factors such as how far in advance we book or if it is peak hour pricing.

Instead, these sites use data collected from your unique device to predict the highest price you’re willing to pay that day.

This prediction changes person-to-person, computer-to-computer, resulting in the bizarre situation of two similar customers with different browsing histories paying different prices for precisely the same product or service.

Consumers are increasingly confronted with commercial practices that come with a more obscure collection and use of personal data.

In the United States, there are legal challenges for Amazon Pricing Strategiesand a new European Union law gives European citizens the right to refuse cookies on all websites.

australia recent Federal Court decision against Google the use of personal location data has sent a message to large companies: “they must not mislead their customers”.

Lana Hart finds the practice of charging different customers different prices based on their “willingness to pay” petty.

ALDEN WILLIAMS / Stuff

Lana Hart finds the practice of charging different customers different prices based on their “willingness to pay” petty.

At the very least, online businesses – especially those whose majority shareholders are the New Zealand government – ​​should provide visible and clearly worded price transparency messages to website users, if dynamic pricing includes the use of of our personal data for pricing.

Hiding such strategies erodes customer loyalty, undermines value systems and corporate goodwill, and greases their brands with the oil of greed and mistrust, which ultimately makes no financial sense.

Today marks the start of New Zealand Privacy Weekpromoting privacy awareness.

As automated technologies continue to creep into so many areas of our lives, now is a good time to review privacy and competition laws and policies to keep pace with the unethical practices that can emerge quietly and invisibly behind the sites we visit and the businesses we think of. we like.

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Celera Networks proudly unveils its new website https://pagerank-tracking.com/celera-networks-proudly-unveils-its-new-website/ Fri, 06 May 2022 22:12:38 +0000 https://pagerank-tracking.com/celera-networks-proudly-unveils-its-new-website/ New site highlights the value of technology solutions for local businesses ANDOVER, Mass. – May 6, 2022 – (Newswire.com) Celera Networks, Greater Boston’s leading Managed Service Provider (MSP) since 2002, proudly announces its new website. After several months of collaboration, writing and design, the new site is online. “We believe businesses should get the most […]]]>

New site highlights the value of technology solutions for local businesses

ANDOVER, Mass. – May 6, 2022 – (Newswire.com)

Celera Networks, Greater Boston’s leading Managed Service Provider (MSP) since 2002, proudly announces its new website. After several months of collaboration, writing and design, the new site is online.

“We believe businesses should get the most out of their technology investment. New tools and services aren’t worth investing time and money if they don’t deliver real business results and protect your data,” said Marc Mansfield, president of Celera Networks.

The new site highlights Celera Network’s full suite of solutions, from managed services and cybersecurity to compliance and special projects. Each service page offers a combination of general business benefits (such as increasing productivity and driving innovation) and specific technical capabilities. Visitors can also find a new section dedicated to industries served by Celera Networks.

Mansfield added, “Our company values ​​thoughtful technology solutions with a strong focus on end user, cybersecurity and customer service. The new website reflects this commitment.

About Celera Networks
Celera Networks is a managed services provider specializing in cybersecurity, cloud and managed IT services. Since 2002, Celera Networks has provided local small and medium businesses with innovative technology solutions that increase productivity, minimize risk and reduce costs. Based in Andover, Massachusetts, Celera Networks is known for its superior customer service, cutting-edge technology and strong focus on value. To learn more, visit their website or call 617-375-9100.

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Celera Networks proudly unveils its new website

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Reddit’s ‘Auntie Network’ Prepares for a Post-Roe World https://pagerank-tracking.com/reddits-auntie-network-prepares-for-a-post-roe-world/ Wed, 04 May 2022 13:59:38 +0000 https://pagerank-tracking.com/reddits-auntie-network-prepares-for-a-post-roe-world/ Placeholder while loading article actions When Victoria Spring woke up on Tuesday to the news that abortion rights could soon be overturned, she felt a weight in her stomach and hoped it was a bad dream. After processing the moment in her Queens apartment, she sprang into action, donating $500 to a national abortion nonprofit […]]]>
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When Victoria Spring woke up on Tuesday to the news that abortion rights could soon be overturned, she felt a weight in her stomach and hoped it was a bad dream. After processing the moment in her Queens apartment, she sprang into action, donating $500 to a national abortion nonprofit and signing up to do something she didn’t have to. never heard of before: becoming a Reddit “aunt”.

Spring is not alone. Within hours of a leaked draft opinion, the Supreme Court is likely to overturn Roe vs. Wadethe landmark law legalizing abortion nationwide, Thousands of people have flocked to a Reddit community called the Auntie Network, a pseudo-underground gathering space aimed at making abortions easier at a time when access is shrinking. On the page, volunteers sign up to house, transport, assist and care for people in need of abortions who are alone or in states where it is difficult to obtain one.

A modern adaptation of the underground abortion networks that helped people access care when the procedure was illegal, the Auntie Network stands alongside formal organizations like the Brigitte Alliance and the National Network of Abortion Funds that coordinate travel and remove financial barriers to abortion. But as the prospect of terminating a pregnancy in America faces tight restrictions across large swaths of the country, the Reddit group offers a glimpse of a post-deer The era of getting an abortion will require an influx of community help to organize and help.

“People are outraged and using social media to form these activism networks,” said Spring, 32. “In the absence of institutional support… we are going to have to rely more and more on each other.”

Crowds protest at Supreme Court after Roe’s draft opinion leaked

The Reddit community, r/auntienetwork, started in May 2019, according to the band’s page. It was meant to be an organic space for people who needed help posting abortions and find help from others. During its first two years of existence, the group’s membership grew at a rapid pace, growing from a few hundred people to 18,000 members.

But soon after Texas’ near-total abortion ban went into effect in September, membership grew by the thousands within days, eventually reaching around 45,000 per year. end of April. Wednesday morning, just over a day since Politico released the Supreme Court’s draft opinion on Roe vs. Wadethe group grew to over 58,000 members.

In the feed, users from all over America offer various services for people who want to have an abortion.

There is the rural colorado aunt who lives with “my dad” near a Planned Parenthood and offered people seeking abortions a “comfy twin bed and a good place to crash” in the mountains. The poster offered to cook meals, deliver or pick up packages, and said the household supported “420,” a code for marijuana.

Then there is the Cleveland area aunt who will drive you from the airport to the nearby Planned Parenthood Clinic and “take you to the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and take lots of photos so you don’t have to tell anyone the real reason you came here if you don’t ‘I don’t want to!

The spike in activity has been a challenge for the group’s moderator, who spoke to The Washington Post on condition of anonymity to describe the sensitive work. Since news of the draft notice broke, the moderator, who goes by the Reddit username LallybrochSassenach and has spent roughly two decades as an abortion clinic escort, has been frantically moderating the Reddit thread and reviewing the new members, barely stopping to sleep, eat or use the bathroom. “It was a crazy night,” she said.

As the group’s only active moderator, she single-handedly reviews every post and comment to ensure the community isn’t overtaken by anti-abortion activists and remains a safe place for people seeking reproductive care or offering An assistance. (So ​​far, she estimates that between 5 and 10 percent of the thousands of posts and comments she’s reviewed were hateful and should be removed.)

“I’ve met a lot of people who felt guilty for making that choice,” the moderator said. “Making someone feel guilty for any decision they make about their personal body just isn’t helpful.”

Draft advisory rocks abortion clinics, lawmakers brace for Roe end

Andrea Miller, president of the National Institute of Reproductive Health, said self-help organizations like Reddit’s Auntie Network show how “ready and eager” people are to help those in need of health care. abortion, “especially in the face of this hostile Supreme Court”.

She added, however, that Reddit members who sign up to volunteer should consider offering help to formal groups that have been around for years, such as the Brigid Alliance, which organizes and funds travel trips. those seeking abortions, or the National Network of Abortion Funds, which helps remove logistical and financial barriers for people seeking abortions. “We want people to get involved,” she said. “But [we] really encourage them, if they can, to get involved and connect with the growing network of grassroots organizations that…are above ground.

Miller added that formal groups have a deeper knowledge of local abortion laws than Reddit communities and can vet potential volunteers more thoroughly.

“We have far too many examples…of ways that those who are absolutely committed to preventing people from making decisions about their reproductive lives and having abortions will literally stop at nothing,” she said.

Abortion stories flood social media after SCOTUS draft leaks

To prevent scammers and bad faith volunteers, the Auntie Network requires users to have a footprint on Reddit, including “A SOLID recent posting history of 30 days before posting”. However, the moderator acknowledged that as membership increases, new procedures may need to be developed. “It’s always been a 30-day post story and a judgment call,” she said. “Like any judge in any court, you do the best you can with the information you have at the time.”

And for Spring, who is 13 weeks pregnant, joining the Auntie Network has added weight. She tried several times to get pregnant and had miscarriages. She imagined how scary it could be to put your life in the hands of a stranger when seeking an abortion, saying that if someone asked her for help, she would provide information about her identity and would ensure that her home is set up in such a way as to ensure that the person she is hosting feels safe.

Mostly, she said she blames those in power for creating a world where this kind of underground network is needed.

“It’s heartbreaking for me,” she said. “People are already in a desperate and terrifying situation and now they have to rely on the goodwill of strangers to get access to needed health care.”

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Grant Robertson Announces New Fiscal Rules Allowing Infrastructure Borrowing https://pagerank-tracking.com/grant-robertson-announces-new-fiscal-rules-allowing-infrastructure-borrowing/ Mon, 02 May 2022 22:18:45 +0000 https://pagerank-tracking.com/grant-robertson-announces-new-fiscal-rules-allowing-infrastructure-borrowing/ First published 3 MAY 2022 Updated 7 minutes ago Economy The finance minister this morning announced new rules allowing the government to borrow – and says he hopes to make ‘a real dent’ in a $100billion infrastructure deficit Grant Robertson announced a 2% cap on surpluses to reassure banks and financial markets as it creates […]]]>

Economy

The finance minister this morning announced new rules allowing the government to borrow – and says he hopes to make ‘a real dent’ in a $100billion infrastructure deficit

Grant Robertson announced a 2% cap on surpluses to reassure banks and financial markets as it creates leeway to borrow for some important infrastructure spending. He calls it “the new normal”.

At a breakfast at Rabobank in Wellington this morning, he announced the range of zero to two per cent of GDP for surpluses, to ensure that new daily spending does not add to the debt incurred for spending in capital. This is intended to bring the operating balance before gains and losses (OBEGAL) back to surplus and then maintain small surpluses on average over time.

The Treasury has recommended that the government keep this average surplus within the two percentage point range over a 10-year period.
period, subject to economic and tax conditions. This allows for trade-offs that offer the flexibility needed to deal with cyclical fluctuations and shocks, while not being broad enough to provide a lack of clarity on government intentions.

In other words, governments should save – or run budget surpluses – during upturns in economic cycles, to allow them to run deficits during downturns. “This approach is largely driven by the idea that governments should aim for surpluses to offset expected future shocks, in which case deficits would be expected,” advises the Treasury. “If there was a significant economic shock, we would expect OBEGAL’s average position to fall outside this range over a 10-year period.

“There are always opportunities for forecast adjustments and forecast errors – both in terms of positive and negative surprises – but we consider aiming for a small operating surplus to be a good starting point.”

At the same time, Robertson is changing the way the government measures its debt, which he told business leaders would bring New Zealand closer to other countries. He sees the debt ceiling and the surplus ceiling as complementary, avoiding criticism of the previous government over the accumulation of large surpluses – money that could have been better left in the economy.

A new debt ceiling would ensure New Zealand maintains one of the lowest public debts in the world, he said, while leaving more room for investment in infrastructure.

“While this rule gives us a relatively low level of net debt, it will provide fiscal space to fund high-quality capital investments that improve productivity and welfare.”

The new measure looked at multi-year averages, allowing debt to peak in the event of a 100-year shock. “That would see the debt climb significantly higher than the cap.”

He said the Infrastructure Commission made it clear in a report yesterday that ‘New Zealand has a gaping infrastructure deficit’. He expressed hope that New Zealand could have “a mature conversation” on public debt, to pay for infrastructure.

A report by the Te Waihanga Infrastructure Commission showed that it would cost $31 billion a year, or about a tenth of New Zealand’s GDP, to close the infrastructure gap and build for the future. Repairing the Three Waters infrastructure alone is expected to cost $185 billion over the next 30 years – although the government has refused to commit to any new taxpayer investment there, relying on borrowings from the four large water companies owned by the council.

“All of us know what it looks and feels like in real life. It’s the hours of wasted productivity stuck in Auckland’s traffic. It’s the burst water pipes here in the capital. It’s the run-down hospitals in the provinces.”
– Grant Robertson, Minister of Finance

Robertson made it clear yesterday that New Zealand could not afford to extricate itself from this shortfall and needed to consider what could be done to make better use of the infrastructure already in place. He said he has no plans to change the debt trajectory over the next few years, but governments may need to borrow more over a longer period.

Today he said an estimate introduced in that report was that New Zealand was sitting on a $104 billion infrastructure deficit.

“All of us know what it looks and feels like in real life. It’s the hours of wasted productivity stuck in Auckland’s traffic. It’s the burst water pipes here in the capital. It’s the run-down hospitals in the provinces.

“For decades, as a country, we have failed to make the investments we need to boost productivity and improve well-being.

“New Zealand’s population grew from three million to four million in 30 years from 1973 to 2003. We then went from 4 million to 5 million in just half that time. But we didn’t build homes or public or public transport networks the services we needed to match that.

“I am not ready for our country to fall further behind when it comes to infrastructure. Our investments using the fiscal space created by this fiscal rule will need to be high quality, well thought out and have a clear and direct benefit to our productivity. and our well-being.”

Robertson said the interaction of the two budget rules – the debt ceiling and the surplus ceiling – meant the extra debt could not be used for day-to-day spending. This left the debt ceiling to guide capital investment.

Under the old measure, the Treasury recommended that the cap be 50% of GDP. Robertson said the new measure – a 30% debt cap – was effectively the same as the old one, but the numbers were counted in a way that was closer to other countries.

The International Monetary Fund projects that New Zealand’s net debt in 2021, at 15% of GDP, will rise to 21.3% in 2023, before slowly declining to 16.4% in 2027.

By this measure, New Zealand’s debt will be lower each year than that of major industrialized countries such as Australia, Canada, the United Kingdom and the United States.

“The government has been able to use our strong fiscal position to support New Zealanders through Covid with programs like the Wage Subsidy Scheme. As we move into a new normal after the peak of Covid, now is a good time to resume a set of budget rules to carefully manage costs while planning for the future,” he told his audience.

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Bees can learn the difference between odd and even numbers, just like us https://pagerank-tracking.com/bees-can-learn-the-difference-between-odd-and-even-numbers-just-like-us/ Sat, 30 Apr 2022 23:03:31 +0000 https://pagerank-tracking.com/bees-can-learn-the-difference-between-odd-and-even-numbers-just-like-us/ “Two, four, six, eight; get bogged down, don’t wait”. As children we learn that numbers can be even or odd. And there are many ways to categorize numbers as even or odd. We can memorize the rule that numbers ending in 1, 3, 5, 7 or 9 are odd while numbers ending in 0, 2, […]]]>

“Two, four, six, eight; get bogged down, don’t wait”.

As children we learn that numbers can be even or odd. And there are many ways to categorize numbers as even or odd.

We can memorize the rule that numbers ending in 1, 3, 5, 7 or 9 are odd while numbers ending in 0, 2, 4, 6 or 8 are even. Or we can divide a number by 2 – where any integer result means the number is even, otherwise it must be odd.

Similarly, when dealing with real-world objects, we can use pairing. If we are left with an unpaired element, it means that the number of objects was odd.

Until now, odd and even categorization, also called parity classification, had never been demonstrated in non-human animals. In a new study, published on friday in the magazine Frontiers in Ecology and Evolutionwe show that bees can learn to do this.

Why is gender categorization special?

Parity tasks (such as odd and even categorization) are considered abstract and high-level digital concepts in humans.

Interestingly, humans exhibit biases in precision, speed, language, and spatial relationships when classifying numbers as even or odd.

For example, we tend to react faster to even numbers with actions performed by our right hand, and to odd numbers with actions performed by our left hand.

We are also faster and more accurate when categorizing even versus odd numbers. And research has shown that children typically associate the word “even” with “right” and “odd” with “left”.

These studies suggest that humans may have learned innate biases and/or biases regarding even and odd numbers, which may stem either from evolution, cultural transmission, or a combination of the two.

It is not clear that parity could be important beyond its use in mathematics, so the origins of these biases remain unclear.

Understanding if and how other animals can recognize (or can learn to recognize) odd and even numbers could tell us more about our own history with parity.

Training bees to learn odd and even

Studies have shown that bees can learn to order quantitiesperform simple additions and subtractions, match symbols with quantities and connect the concepts of size and number.

To teach the bees a parity task, we separated the individuals into two groups. We learned to associate even numbers with sugar water and odd numbers with a bitter-tasting liquid (quinine). The other group learned to associate odd numbers with sugar water and even numbers with quinine.

An illustration of how researchers trained bees to associate “peer” stimuli with a reward. (Scarlet Howard)

We trained individual bees using odd and even number comparisons (with cards showing 1 to 10 printed shapes) until they chose the correct answer with 80% accuracy.

Remarkably, the respective groups learned at different rates.

Bees trained to associate odd numbers with sugar water learned faster.

Their learning bias toward odd numbers was the opposite of humans, who categorize even numbers faster.

We then tested each bee on new numbers not displayed during training. Impressively, they classified the new 11- or 12-element numbers as odd or even with about 70% accuracy.

Our results showed that the miniature bee brains were able to understand the concepts of odd and even.

So a large and complex human brain composed of 86 billion neuronsand a miniature insect brain with about 960,000 neuronscould both categorize numbers by parity.

Does this mean that the parity task was less complex than we previously thought? To find the answer, we turned to bio-inspired technology.

Creating a Simple Artificial Neural Network

Artificial neural networks were one of the first learning algorithms developed for machine learning. Inspired by biological neurons, these networks are scalable and can tackle complex recognition and classification tasks using propositional logic.

We built a simple artificial neural network with only five neurons to perform a parity test.

We gave the network signals between 0 and 40 pulses, which it classified as odd or even. Despite its simplicity, the neural network correctly classified pulse counts as odd or even with 100% accuracy.

This showed us that in principle parity categorization does not require a large and complex brain like that of a human.

However, this does not necessarily mean that the bees and the simple neural network used the same mechanism to solve the task.

Simple or complex?

We don’t yet know how the bees were able to perform the parity task. Explanations can include simple or complex processes. For example, bees may have:

  1. matched items to find an unmatched item

  2. performed division calculations – although division had not previously been demonstrated by bees

  3. counted each item, then applied the even/odd categorization rule to the total quantity.

By teaching other animal species to distinguish between even and odd numbers and by performing other abstract mathematics, we can learn more about how mathematics and abstract thought emerged in humans.

Is the discovery of mathematics an inevitable consequence of intelligence? Or is math somehow tied to the human brain? Are the differences between humans and other animals less than we previously thought?

Perhaps we can glean these intellectual insights, if only we listen properly. The conversation

Scarlett HowardLecturer, Monash University; Adrian DyerAssociate Professor, RMIT University; Andrew Green Treeprofessor of quantum physics and Future Fellow of the Australian Research Council, RMIT Universityand Jair GarciaResearcher, RMIT University.

This article is republished from The conversation under Creative Commons license. Read it original article.

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Cycle-consistent adversarial networks improve the generalizability of the radiomics model in grading meningiomas upon external validation https://pagerank-tracking.com/cycle-consistent-adversarial-networks-improve-the-generalizability-of-the-radiomics-model-in-grading-meningiomas-upon-external-validation/ Fri, 29 Apr 2022 12:45:14 +0000 https://pagerank-tracking.com/cycle-consistent-adversarial-networks-improve-the-generalizability-of-the-radiomics-model-in-grading-meningiomas-upon-external-validation/ Patient population The Yonsei University Institutional Review Board approved this retrospective study and waived the need to obtain informed patient consent. All methods were performed in accordance with current guidelines and regulations. We identified 297 patients who were pathologically confirmed to have meningioma and underwent baseline conventional MRI between February 2008 and September 2018 in […]]]>

Patient population

The Yonsei University Institutional Review Board approved this retrospective study and waived the need to obtain informed patient consent. All methods were performed in accordance with current guidelines and regulations. We identified 297 patients who were pathologically confirmed to have meningioma and underwent baseline conventional MRI between February 2008 and September 2018 in the institutional dataset. Patients with 1) missing MRI sequences or inadequate image quality (not= 17), 2) history of surgery (not= 15), 3) history of tumor embolization or gamma knife surgery prior to MRI examination (not= 5), and 4) an image processing error (not= 2) were excluded. A total of 257 patients (low-grade, 162; high-grade, 95) were enrolled in the institutional cohort.

Identical inclusion and exclusion criteria were applied to identify 62 patients (low-grade, 47; high-grade, 15) from Ewha Mokdong University Hospital between January 2016 and December 2018 for external model validation. The patient flowchart is shown in Fig. S1.

Pathological diagnosis

Pathological diagnosis was made by neuropathologists, according to WHO criteria19. Criteria for atypical meningioma (WHO grade 2) included 4 to 19 mitoses per 10 high power fields, the presence of cerebral invasion, or the presence of at least three of the following characteristics: “sheet” growth, hypercellularity, necrosis, large prominent nucleoli and small cells. Criteria for anaplastic meningioma (WHO grade 3 included frank anaplasia (histology resembling carcinoma, sarcoma, or melanoma) or high mitoses (>20 mitoses per 10 high power fields)19.

MRI protocol

In the institutional training dataset, patients were scanned on 3.0 Tesla MRI units (Achieva or Ingenia; Philips Medical Systems). Imaging protocols included T2-weighted imaging (T2) and contrast-enhanced T1-weighted imaging (T1C). T1C images were acquired after administration of 0.1 mL/kg of gadolinium-based contrast product (Gadovist; Bayer).

In the external validation sets, patients were scanned on 1.5 or 3.0 Tesla MRI units (Avanto; Siemens or Achieva; Philips Medical Systems), including T2 and T1C images. T1C images were acquired after administration of 0.1 mL/kg of gadolinium-based contrast product (Dotarem; Guerbert or Gadovist; Bayer). Substantial variation existed between acquisition parameters for T2 and T1C among different MRI units between institutional and external validation sets and reflected the heterogeneity of meningioma imaging data in clinical practice (Supplementary Table 1) .

Image pre-processing and radiomic feature extraction

Image resampling to 1 mm isovoxels, correction of low-frequency intensity non-uniformity by the N4 bias algorithm, and co-registration of T2 images on T1C images were performed using advanced standardization tools (ANT).20. After stripping the skull by Multi-cONtrast brain STRipping (MONSTR)21, signal intensities were normalized by z-score. An affine registration was carried out to transform the cerebral images to the MNI15222.

A neuroradiologist (with 9 years of experience) who was blinded to clinical information semi-automatically segmented the entire tumor (including cystic or necrotic changes) on the T1C images using 3D Slicer software ( v.4.13.0; www.slicer.org) with edge and threshold based algorithms. Another neuroradiologist (with 16 years of experience) reassessed and confirmed the segmented lesions.

The radiomics characteristics were calculated with a python-based module (PyRadiomics, version 2.0)23, with a bin size of 32. They included (1) 14 shape features, (2) 18 first-order features, and 3) 75 s-order features (including grayscale co-occurrence matrix, length runtime grayscale matrix, grayscale size area matrix, grayscale dependency matrix, and neighbor graytone difference matrix) (Supplementary Material S1 and Supplementary Table 2). Features adhere to sets of standards by the Image Biomarker Standardization Initiative 24. A total of 214 radiomic elements (107 × 2 sequences) were extracted.

Construction of radiomic models

The scheme of building the radiomics model and setting up an application system based on CycleGAN is shown in Fig. 1a. Radiomic characteristics have been normalized MinMax. Since the number of radiomic features was greater than the number of patients, mutual information was applied to select the significant features. The basic radiomic classifiers were constructed using extreme gradient boosting with tenfold cross-validation in the training set. The synthetic minority oversampling technique was applied to oversample the minority class25. To improve predictive performance and avoid possible overfitting, Bayesian optimization, which searched the hyperparameter space for optimal hyperparameter combinations, was applied. Area under the curve (AUC), precision, sensitivity, specificity and F1 score (definitions presented in Supplementary Material S2) were obtained. The feature selection and machine learning process was done using Python 3 with the Scikit-Learn library module (version 0.24.2).

Figure 1

(a) Global CycleGAN pipeline and radiomics for meningioma grading. (b) General network architecture of CycleGAN. CycleGAN = Cycle-Consistent Adversarial Networks, T1C = post-contrast T1-weighted image, T2 = T2-weighted image.

CycleGAN app

Figure 1b shows the general network architecture of CycleGAN. Generative adversarial network (GAN) has two neural networks namely a generator and a discriminator for distinct purposes. The CycleGAN uses two sets of GANs for style transfer to train unsupervised image translation models16. Unpaired institutional training and external validation datasets were used to train CycleGAN’s discriminators and generators.

To be delivered in CycleGAN16, brain MRIs were converted to two-dimensional images in every aspect of the axial, sagittal, and coronal planes. Because image size varied between institutions and individuals, images were resized to 99 × 117 × 95 pixels after saving the MNI152 model and 116 × 116 pixels before putting them into CycleGAN.

In the first set of GANs, the first generator (G1) in CycleGAN converts images from the external validation dataset to the domain of the institutional training dataset, while the first discriminator D1 checks whether the computed images by G1 are real or false (generated). Through this process, the synthetic images of G1 improve with the feedback of their respective discriminators. In the second set of GANs, the second generator (G2) transfers the synthetic image generated from the first generator (G1) to the image of the original external validation dataset, while the second discriminator ( D2) checks if the images computed by G2 are real or fake (generated). Through this process, the trained CycleGAN model transferred the styling of the external validation images to the training set. The cycle consistency loss, which is the difference between the generated output and the input image, was calculated and used to update the generator models at each training iteration.16. L2 loss, which is known to speed up the training process and generate crisp, lifelike images in GAN26.27, was used to estimate the loss of cycle coherence. Inference results were randomly sampled and checked by a neuroradiologist (with 9 years of experience) for plausibility. Images from the external validation set after CycleGAN were submitted to assess the performance of the radiomics model against the original external validation dataset. Since the original external validation set and images from the external validation set after CycleGAN were independent of the radiomics modeling in the training process, there is no potential data breach.28. Details of the CycleGAN architecture are shown in Supplementary Table 3.

Evaluation of the effect of CycleGAN: Fréchet Inception Distance and t-Distributed Stochastic Neighbor Embedding

The Fréchet start distance (FID) was calculated to measure the similarity between two sets of image data to quantitatively measure the quality of the model by evaluating the generated data (Supplementary Material S3)29. The FID is an extension of the initial score30 and compares the distribution of generated images with the distribution of actual images that were used to train the generator. The FID has been shown to be consistent with human judgments and more robust to noise than the initial score29. Three FID scores, namely “training vs original external validation”, “original external validation vs transferred external validation” and “training vs transferred external validation” were calculated. To visualize the effect of CycleGAN on the extracted radiomic features, the high-dimensional feature space was projected and visualized into a lower-dimensional space using a two-dimensional manifold t-Distributed Stochastic Neighbor Embedding (t-SNE)31.

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Why It’s Critical to Focus on Security Fundamentals https://pagerank-tracking.com/why-its-critical-to-focus-on-security-fundamentals/ Wed, 27 Apr 2022 02:20:00 +0000 https://pagerank-tracking.com/why-its-critical-to-focus-on-security-fundamentals/ Article by Gigamon A/NZ, George Tsoukas. Recently, the US White House issued a statement citing intelligence reports indicating “…the Russian government is exploring options for potential cyber attacks.” Along with this statement, the White House released a comprehensive list of steps organizations should take to improve their cybersecurity posture. To answer these problems, practicing and […]]]>

Article by Gigamon A/NZ, George Tsoukas.

Recently, the US White House issued a statement citing intelligence reports indicating “…the Russian government is exploring options for potential cyber attacks.” Along with this statement, the White House released a comprehensive list of steps organizations should take to improve their cybersecurity posture.

To answer these problems, practicing and mastering the fundamentals is essential. We have to pay attention and perfect the little details that might often be overlooked.

Practicing the basics is important, and cybersecurity professionals understand how essential it is to practice the fundamentals. These include strategies such as implementing multi-factor authentication, having reliable backups in place, and contingency planning.

This is the advice we share with our friends, family and colleagues. Frankly, they’re probably tired of hearing us repeat ourselves after every high-profile data breach or cyberattack. Yet these practices are fundamental for a reason: they underpin a healthy and proactive cybersecurity posture.

Let’s dive into three of the recommendations issued by the White House:

White House Recommendation #1

“Deploy modern security tools across all computers and devices to continuously scan for and mitigate threats.”

Firewalls, EDRs, and SIEMs are the first line of defense considered by most security teams, but these tools lack the ability to detect malicious activity at the network level.

As networks become more complex, with a mix of private and public cloud and on-premises environments, we also need tools that give security and network teams deep observability on this infrastructure.

Network Detection and Response (NDR) and Visibility Framework address this lack of visibility. When researching NDR solutions, look for solutions that provide historical visibility into network traffic.

This is particularly useful because attackers stay on networks for an average of 280 days, or almost nine months. Pairing NDR with a visibility solution helps ensure that network and security teams maximize their ability to detect threats and defend the network against modern attacks.

White House Recommendation #2

“Execute drills and contingency plans to enable IT to respond quickly to minimize the impact of any attack.”

Although traditional defense tools are necessary for an organization to prevent common malware infections, they often fail to detect and prevent more advanced and persistent adversaries.

This is a risk that organizations of all sizes increasingly face. The addition of a threat hunting program creates an umbrella over frontline defenses to both enhance and complement these capabilities, detecting otherwise unidentified adversaries.

When evaluating security solutions, look for tools that provide guided playbooks that allow your investigators to identify attackers based on real behaviors with just a few mouse clicks.

It’s a bonus if the tool enables parallel forensic capabilities that help coordinate threat hunting and investigation efforts between teams around the world.

White House Recommendation #3

“Encrypt your data so it can’t be used if it’s stolen.”

Encryption at rest is essential, but encryption of data in motion is just as important. Cybercriminals know this and do the same. Defenders therefore need visibility to also inspect the behaviors of attackers.

SSL decryption is essential for securing today’s enterprise networks due to the significant growth of encrypted traffic applications and services. Cybercriminals are increasingly using SSL/TLS sessions to hide, believing that security tools will not inspect or block their traffic.

When this happens, SSL/TLS sessions can become a liability, inadvertently cloaking malicious traffic. In other words, the very technology that secures the Internet can become a nefarious threat vector.

Enabling SSL decryption uses the root certificate on client machines, acting as a certificate authority for SSL requests. This process allows SSL Decryption to decrypt, perform detailed inspection, and then re-encrypt SSL traffic before sending it to its destination.

This ensures that only authorized SSL traffic enters the network and that malware hidden in SSL/TLS sessions is exposed and dealt with during SSL decryption.

To meet diverse organizational needs, look for solutions that support both inline/man-in-the-middle and passive/out-of-band decryption of SSL/TLS.

The comprehensive list of recommendations in the White House statement echo best practices (fundamentals) that have been repeated across the cybersecurity industry and are fundamental to maintaining a proactive security practice.

What sets this announcement apart is the sense of urgency around the potential for threats from Russia and Russia-based threat actors.

As an industry, we have been steadily beating the drum for organizations to implement these best practices for over a decade. But given the heightened state of public awareness and perception of higher stakes, it’s easy to get overwhelmed by the sheer volume of information or questions from armchair experts.

It’s often difficult to be the voice of reason in the room, fending off a sea of ​​people spewing buzzwords that spread fear, uncertainty and doubt. Breathe and rely on experience and trusted practices and solutions.

These concepts do not always take into account an organization’s ability to quickly adopt and implement advanced and complex security frameworks. Implementation takes time. Unfortunately, the reality for many industries is that they lack the maturity or resources to succeed.

Vendors tend to focus on “the newest and the best” while organizations would be better served to focus on the fundamentals to improve their security posture. The White House statement attests to this fact and should seek to improve their security posture by providing deep observability through network-level intelligence.

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Fighting Inequity in Venture Capital, a profile of Astia https://pagerank-tracking.com/fighting-inequity-in-venture-capital-a-profile-of-astia/ Mon, 25 Apr 2022 06:04:57 +0000 https://pagerank-tracking.com/fighting-inequity-in-venture-capital-a-profile-of-astia/ For 20 years, Astia’s mission has been to level the playing field when it comes to investing for high-growth women-led startups. Thus, as managing partner of the Astia FundI chose to contribute to an organization that values ​​women as leaders and challenges inequality in venture capital every day. My background was originally in law – […]]]>

For 20 years, Astia’s mission has been to level the playing field when it comes to investing for high-growth women-led startups. Thus, as managing partner of the Astia FundI chose to contribute to an organization that values ​​women as leaders and challenges inequality in venture capital every day.

My background was originally in law – I spent six years as a lawyer for Osborne Clarke, an international law firm, in its banking and finance team and in-house at the investment bank Barclays Capital. While the legal profession was quite gender-diverse (except at the level of partners), every other party I met on deals was overwhelmingly white male. When I had the opportunity to move to San Francisco, I found myself surrounded by technology innovators and was struck by the inequity in the deployment of capital to fund the innovations that women leaders were bringing to market. . I joined Astia in 2008 to remedy this inequalities in the venture capital ecosystemit’s the reason I got into VC – and it’s still 14 years later.

What industries do you work in?

At Astia, we invest in all high-growth sectors and in companies that have at least one woman in a significant position of capital and influence. As VCs, the most important step we can take is to invest in companies led by these founders and executives who are historically underfunded by venture capital. They bring different perspectives to the table and different innovations to the market. No more mentoring, support, help but writing a check and adding value once sitting on the ceiling table. At Astia, year after year, we see an abundant flow of transactions that solves the problem of “lack of pipeline”. As investors, we need to ensure that our networks are diverse – in every way, that we mitigate bias – throughout the investment process, and we don’t require an entrepreneur to have an introduction to walk through our (virtual or real) doors.

What are you looking for in a founder?

When I look at the entrepreneur, I’m not looking at just one person, I’m looking at the founding team and, if bigger, the management team. Having been at Astia for 14 years, it will come as no surprise that I am looking for a diverse team, a team that includes at least one woman in a position of equity and influence. It’s important that it has an influence on business strategy because data and research show us that team diversity has a positive impact on business success and return on investment. Equity on equal terms with her male counterparts is also important as we want women on the team to participate in the growth of the business (this can then fuel her next role within the innovation economy as serial entrepreneur, investor, etc.).

Can you tell us about your current portfolio?

Across all of Astia’s investment activities, we have invested in 62 companies with the full portfolio here. When we look at this portfolio, not only do we see a plethora of outstanding women leaders, but we also find a portfolio that generally leads to real solutions to some of the biggest challenges facing the world today, climate crises, the economic crisis, health crises… In these times, we need leaders with visions and innovations that will solve some fundamental problems and we will continue to invest in them.

How has COVID-19 changed the way you operate?

As Astia is global, as a team we have always been about video calling, instant messaging and working across multiple platforms and time zones. We worked like this for many years, which raised a lot of questions about how we achieved our high performance by working this way. Now that so many people have been forced to work in remote shifts due to the pandemic, we are no longer asked these questions!

In terms of investment, we deliberately use the Astia Expert Sift sourcing and selection process. The Astia Expert Sift’ is a unique model that eliminates bias and enables decisions to be made using data, expert analysis and the wisdom of an expert host of 5,000 Astia Advisors. In this process, we use executive summaries and not full presentations and presentations with cameras turned off to combat unconscious human bias. This means that we do not have face-to-face meetings when we first join, as this perpetuates bias and the same goes for the second meeting. So, in this respect too, the pandemic has not significantly changed our investment process and we have continued to deploy capital.

What does the future look like?

We stand at an important time when there are many great challenges to be solved around the world. As investors, we have the chance to invest and fuel the success of innovations that can address it. As the world re-evaluates itself post-pandemic I’d be surprised if priorities weren’t re-prioritized (insofar as they haven’t already been) we see different categories of supported solutions that haven’t not been historically and we see the entrepreneurial innovators pushing us down new paths.

It’s hard not to meet someone who hasn’t been affected in some way by the pandemic, so hopefully the world of mental health solutions continues to impact our lives as we look to the future.

What makes Astia different?

We are repeatedly told that inclusive teams perform better. Yet only around 2% of venture capital funding is deployed to women-led businesses. It doesn’t add up. Astia is leveling the playing field in investing for women of all races, geographies and backgrounds by innovating on the broken VC model.

Our Expert Sift screening process mitigates bias at all stages of the investment process. The process is repeatable, scalable and all contractors receive feedback on their submissions to Astia. We are transparent in our decision-making. When a company fails our process, they are invited to resubmit once feedback has been addressed.

And fundamentally, we invest in teams with female leaders in a venture capital ecosystem where more often than not investment funds are deployed in all male teams.

What advice would you give to founders?

Even when you’re not fundraising for your business, you’re fundraising. Still. Although it doesn’t take that long like when you close a round, always keep in mind that you are raising funds. Build those relationships long before you need them and continue to nurture them over time, whether with the investors themselves or with people in the ecosystem who can help connect you to investors. Be sure to research investors where possible to be sure you are spending your time wisely: are you suited in terms of stage, sector, geography.

Evie Mulberry Managing Partner, Astia Fund

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